表示举例1) Everything from the generation gap to the high divorce rate to some forms of mental illness.2) Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night.3) A case in point is students in New York State who faced criminal misdemeanor chares for possessing and selling advance copies of state Regents examinations.
递进式结构1) Fresh vegetables are nutritious(有营养的); furthermore, they re cheaper than frozen ones.2) We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives, but also added happiness into our own.3) But teaching offers something beside money and power; it offers love. Not only the love of learning and go books and ideas, but also the love that a teacher feels for his students.
表示目的1) The purpose of a test is to show what you have leaned about a subject.2) Believe it or not, her only purpose in saying all that is to help you help yourself3) The purpose of the campaign was to catch “ringers”―students who take tests for other students.4) The intent is not to catch everyone but rather to catch enough to spread the word.
表示对比和比较1) Of all American cities, San Francisco is considered by many to be by far the most beautiful.
2) Jobs and work do much more than most of us realize to provide happiness and contentment.3) We are much less conscious of the extent to which work provides the more crucial(关键)psychological well-being that can make the difference between a full and an empty life.
表示观点、结论或评价1) Educators report that the generation growing up with television can barely write an English sentence.2) Earlier scientists thought that during a man’s lifetime the power of his brain decreased.3) Many educators fear that an increase in the use of state exams will lead to a corresponding rise in cheating.
常用结尾句1) Only in this way/Only when……/Only through……will/can we……或：It is only if/when……that we will……(e.g.It is only if all sides of society take their roles fully that we will achieve the society we want.)2) As/So long as……we will be able to……/the problem is bound to……
常用俗语1.Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。2.God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。3.Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。4.Where there is a will,there is a way. 有志者事竟成。5.One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘，谬之千里。6.Slow and steady wins the race. 稳扎稳打无往而不胜。7.A fall into the pit,a gain in your wit. 吃一堑，长一智。
动名词或分词结构1) Improving your study habits will improve your grades.2) Teaching gives me pace, and variety, and challenge, and the opportunity to keep on learning.3) Being very short of money and wanting to do something useful, I applied.
常用转折句1) In view of the above-mentioned negative factors/disadvantage(s)/defects in A，people´´s second thought is to……(e.g. In view of the above-mentioned negative factors in raising the output，our second thought is to improve the quality of products.)