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2016年考研英语:语法大全(分词)

分词有现在分词和过去分词两种。现在分词由动词原形后加词尾-ing构成。规则动词的过去分词由动词原形后加词尾-ed构成,不规则动词的过去分词无一定规则。现在分词和过去分词的区别 现在分词和过去分词主要的区别表现在语态和时间关系上。1)语态上不同:现在分词表示主动的意思,而过去分词多由及物动词变来,表示被动的意思。试比较:surprising使人感到惊讶的(主动)surprised自己感到惊讶的(被动,即被惊讶的)an exciting story一个令人兴奋的故事(主动)excited spectators激动的观众(被动,即被引起激动的)

2016年考研英语:语法大全(词汇分类)

词类(parts of speech) 英语的词通常分为十大类:1)名词(noun,缩写为n.)是人和事物的名称,如pen(钢笔),English(英语),life(生活)。2)代词(pronoun,缩写为pron.)是用来代替名词的词,如we(我们),his(他的),all(全部)。3)形容词(adjective,缩写为adj.)用来修饰名词,如great(伟大的),honest(诚实的),difficult(困难的)。4)数词(numeral,缩写为num.)是表示“多少”和“第几”的词,如four(四),eighteen(十八),first(第一),eighth(十八),hundred(一百)。

2016年考研英语词汇集合:文化发展词汇

文化发展词汇:开展对外文化交流 carry out mass activities on culture 博采各国文化之长 draw on strong point of the cultures of other countries 开展群众性文化活动 carry out mass activities on culture 营造良好文化环境 create a healthy cultural environment 促进文化市场健康发展 facilitate the sound development of the markets for cultural products 保护文化遗产 protect cultural relics

2016年考研英语词汇集合:环保词汇

环保词汇:recycl循环 energy saving节能 green house绿色环境 not polluted无污染 environment pollution 环境污染 environmental conservation 环境保护 environmental legislation 环境立法 environmental reform 环境改造

2016年考研英语词汇集合:雾霾词汇

雾霾词汇: 雾霾haze; 空气质量检测air quality monitoring; 空气污染指数air pollution index; 悬浮颗粒物airborne particulate matter; 可吸入颗粒物inhalable particle; 烟雾smog; 橙色预警orange alert;

2016年考研英语词汇集合:勤俭节约词汇

勤俭节约词汇 减少浪费 reduce waste 减轻负担 reduce the burden of 促进改革 promote reform 提高居民环保和生态意识 improve residents environmental and ecological awareness 形成文明、健康、崇尚科学的良好社会风尚 form civilized , healthy and science-upholding social practice

2016年考研英语词汇集合:诚信词汇

诚信词汇:credibility 诚信 social civilization 社会文明 fake commodities 假冒伪劣产品 harm to society 社会危害academic cheating 学术造假 morality 品德 fraud 欺诈

2016年考研英语阅读精选(16)

IMMIGRATION is the quintessential supply-side policy. It expands the labour force, encourages investment and provides taxpayers to supportAmerica´s growing ranks of the grey-haired. Sadly, Barack Obama´s immigration order will have few such benefits, because it is aimed largely at illegal immigrants who arrived years ago while doing precious little to increase the flow of newcomers.

2016年考研英语阅读精选(15)

A TELEVISION campaign in the 1980s showed a volcano exploding and dark clouds looming over a blackened tombstone chiselled with the word AIDS. “Don´t die of ignorance”, intoned a grim voice. Panic about the HIV/AIDS epidemic was widespread. Now better treatment, and better understanding of how the virus spreads, means that HIV is no longer a death sentence. But amid the good news there is cause for concern; among gay men in Britain infections are rising.

2016年考研英语阅读精选(14)

TO MOST outsiders Georgian history is a closed book. Indeed for English-speakers there are practically no books at all. Georgia mostly features on the edges of other peoples´ histories. Xenophon, describing Greek mercenaries´ attempts to get home in 400BC, wrote the first description of it.



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